Then, in the twentieth century, carbon dating found the bones to be about 22,000 years old — even though much of Britain was encased in ice and seemingly uninhabitable for part of that time.
When Higham eventually got the bones, his team came up with a more likely scenario: they were closer to 33,000 years old and one of the earliest examples of ceremonial burial in Western Europe.
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Because of the role of radiocarbon dating in today’s archaeological research, Book of Mormon believers as well as critics should consider evaluating the book’s credibility on the basis of radiocarbon dating of Mesoamerican archaeological sites and artifacts in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries.
Beside a slab of trilobites, in a quiet corner of Britain's Oxford University Museum of Natural History, lies a collection of ochre-tinted human bones known as the Red Lady of Paviland.
In 1823, palaeontologist William Buckland painstakingly removed the fossils from a cave in Wales, and discovered ivory rods, shell beads and other ornaments in the vicinity.
Perceptive Book of Mormon nonbelievers of the past failed to challenge what they could have labeled Joseph Smith’s audacity in thinking that his “creative insanity” could enable him to date precisely the year-by-year historical events of the Nephites throughout their thousand-year history.
Frankly, the dating correlations between Mesoamerican archaeological endeavors and the Book of Mormon are impressive—especially when we realize that Joseph Smith put himself in a potential archaeological bottomless pit via the BC and AD dates found throughout the Book of Mormon.
If those dates do not correlate positively with events that occurred somewhere in the New World, the Book of Mormon lacks credibility and is false.
These results and the recent redating of a number of purportedly old modern human skeletal remains in Europe to younger time periods highlight the importance of fine chronological control when studying this biocultural time period and the tenuous nature of monolithic scenarios for the establishment of modern humans and earlier phases of the Upper Paleolithic in Europe. P.) in Europe witnessed a complex series of shifts in human biological and behavioral evolution.
It saw the cultural transition from late Middle Paleolithic technocomplexes to those of the earlier phases of the Upper Paleolithic, a transition that took place in a temporal and geographical mosaic across the northwestern Old World.